Among all provinces, Quebec holds the most immigration influence due to its diverse selection criteria, distinctive immigration programs, and ability to select skilled workers from abroad. In comparison to other provinces in Canada, Quebec places more of an emphasis on French and Francophone culture, which may make it easier for immigrants from similar backgrounds to immigrate, settle, and live there. This is especially true if they can meet the province’s economic requirements. Thus, for anyone wishing to move to the province, it is an important step to understand why Quebec’s immigration policy differs from that of the rest of Canada.
Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ)
Applications for immigration to Quebec are accepted using two distinct procedures; selection, and admission. While admission takes place at the federal level, selection happens at the provincial level. A candidate must fulfill both the selection and admission requirements in order to immigrate to Quebec. A foreign national must get Quebec’s consent at the selection phase of the procedure. A certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ), a certificate provided by the provincial immigration authorities following a successful application through one of Quebec’s immigration programs, serves as proof of selection.
Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSW)
One of Quebec’s immigration routes to permanent residency is the Quebec Skilled Worker (QSW) program. A minimum score on a points assessment grid must be met in order to be eligible for the points-based immigration scheme known as QSW. Although it is not a requirement for this program, applicants who speak French well may receive a higher score on the points assessment grid. To be considered for this program, eligible candidates must submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) via the Arrima portal online.
Quebec Experience Program (PEQ)
One route to permanent residency in Quebec for immigrants is the Quebec Experience Program (PEQ). Candidates for the program must have previous knowledge of Quebec, either as temporary foreign workers or as international students. PEQ applicants must demonstrate advanced intermediate knowledge of oral French. There are additional eligibility requirements for this program, including that the applicant is legally residing in Quebec at the time the application is submitted and processed.
Quebec Investor Program
In order to apply to the Quebec Investor Program, applicants must have net assets totaling at least $2 million CAD and the ability to invest at least $1.2 million CAD with a Quebec financial intermediary. Applicants who fit these criteria may be eligible to obtain permanent residence in Canada through the Quebec Investor Program.
Quebec Entrepreneur Program
The Quebec Entrepreneur Program requires applicants to have the financial capacity along with the experience and intention to manage a business project in Quebec or to acquire a business in Quebec.
The Quebec Self-Employed Worker Program allows certain self-employed people to immigrate to Quebec and create their own job. In order to qualify for this program, an applicant needs to have net assets of at least $100,000 CAD and two years of experience as a self-employed worker in the field they plan to practice in Quebec.